Media formats in general have the tendency to be classified by means of nationalities/cultural philosophies. However, television as a medium is unique as discussed by Curtin(2003) claiming “Contemporary television is transcending frontiers and disrupting conventional structures of domination”. Therefore television should no longer be considered as the productions of specific states. Globalisation has facilitated the emergence of New Media capitals, cities acting as hubs for media activity that have individual characteristics.
What are media capitals? Media capitals are sites of mediation, locations where complex forces and flows interact. They are neither bounded not self-contained entities. Rather, we should understand them in the manner that geographers like Doreen Massey (1992) and Kevin Robins (1991) understand cities, as meeting places where local specificity arises out of migration, interaction and exchange…Media capitals are places where things come together and, consequently, where the generation and circulation of new mass culture forms become possible” (Curtin, 2003).
As a concept, media capitals asks us to think in terms of patterned change rather than essential qualities. It focuses our attention on differences as well as similarity. By doing this media capitals allows us to speak of cultural spheres of influence without conceiving them as coherent, bounded entities.
Hong Kong as a media capital, specifically in television provides an adequate example of new media capitals. Broadcast TV first came to Hong Kong in 1967, coincided with emergence of consumer culture.
The formation of these cities as hubs for media creation and consumption such as Hong Kong, has revolutionised the international media environment. The battle to remain as a ‘media capital’ will be ongoing and relentless.
– Curtin, M 2003, ‘Media Capital; Towards the Study of Spatial Flows’, International Journal of Cultural Studies, vol.6, no.2, pp.202-228 [ Accessed 1st. Sep. 2014].